Diagnosis, Causes & Treatment
Author, Professional Pet Sitting Etc.
Nobody likes to know that their dog is in discomfort or pain, which is why many owners are distressed when they realize that something is wrong with their furry friend. Knowing that your dog is sick and/ or in pain can cause a sense of helplessness- but it is important to realize that as an owner you can help. By going to the vet and by showing constant affection and care, you make the most significant difference.
Bladder stones in dogs is quite painful, you may notice that your dog has blood in their urine and/or may urinate frequently, passing only small amounts each time. They may demonstrate discomfort while urinating by straining, whining or whimpering, licking their genital area more frequently than usual. However, there are some dogs that may not show any signs of bladder stones, in these cases they are often found when a vet is palpating the abdomen during an exam.
There are several ways in which your veterinarian will go about diagnosing bladder stones. Diagnosis can be made or confirmed with abdominal x-rays depending on the type of stone. To discover or diagnose your vet may also take a urinalysis and urine culture to rule out UTI’s in addition to evaluating the ability of your dog’s kidneys to concentrate urine. They may also look at your dog’s kidney, liver, and pancreatic function, along with sugar levels. They will often take a complete blood count to rule out any blood-related conditions and take electrolyte tests to ensure your dog isn’t dehydrated, and your vet may perform a thyroid test to determine the function of the thyroid gland and be sure that it is not producing too little thyroid hormone. Finally, your vet may take an abdominal ultrasound of your dog to evaluate the urinary tract and identify the size, and type of stone.
What Cause Bladder Stones
Bladder stones in dogs can be caused in a variety of ways. Genetics, Urinary Tract Infections, abnormal urine pH, and diet are the most common culprits of bladder stones in dogs. Bladder stones start off as microscopic crystals that collect to form stones of changing size and shape within the urinary system. There are several types of bladder stones, and dogs can have single or even multiple bladder stones some taking up ever 80% of their bladder space.
Treatment of bladder stones in dogs depends on the type, size, and location of the stone/s. Sometimes surgery is the best way to remove the stones where as urohydropropulsion is another treatment, there is also medical management for specific types of stones through diet, or prevention through antibiotics.
It is important that if your dog is displaying signs of bladder discomfort that you visit the vet and fast. Bladder stones can be lethal and require emergency surgery, so it is best not to wait. Furthermore, bladder stones cause great discomfort and even excruciating pain- it is best to take care of it as soon as possible to prevent needless pain and discomfort for your dog.
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Dorinne Whynott, is a long time animal professional. She is a successful business owner establishing one of the largest pet sitting companies in New Hampshire since 1990. Click to Read her complete History.
Professional Pet Sitting Etc. is a leading business in the pet care field and continues to grow since 1990. It is an AWARD WINNING business, having been awarded the 2015 Best Pet Sitting , 2015 Best Dog Walker, Business of the Year Awards in 1996, 1997, 2006 and 2010. It boasts 30+ amazing pet sitters on staff, over 3000 clients in 38 cities from Nashua to Concord, NH. Hundreds of satisfied client testimonials can be found on their website and more 5 star reviews on their Facebook page, Google+ page and more. They have sustained an A+ rating with the BBB, A rating with Angie’s List and are unmatched in the Pet Sitting Industry in New Hampshire.
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